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Title: Епізоотична ситуація щодо аляріозу лисиць (Vulpes vulpes) у Харківській області
Other Titles: Эпизоотическая ситуации по аляриозу лис (Vulpes vulpes) в Харьковской области
Epizootic situation of foxes’ alariosis (Vulpes vulpes) in the Kharkov region
Authors: Люлін, Петро Володимирович
Люлин, Петр Владимирович
Lyulin, Petro
Федорова, Олена Володимирівна
Федорова, Елена Владимировна
Fedorova, Olena
Keywords: епізоотична ситуація
Харківська область
эпизоотическая ситуация
Харьковская область
epizootic situation
Kharkov region
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: РВВ ХДЗВА
Citation: Люлін П. В. Епізоотична ситуація щодо аляріозу лисиць (Vulpes vulpes) у Харківській області / Люлін П. В., Федорова О. В. // Проблеми зооінженерії та ветеринарної медицини: Збірник наукових праць Харківської державної зооветеринарної академії. – X.: РВВ ХДЗВА., 2017. – Випуск 35, Частина 2, т. 2 «Ветеринарні науки». – С. 68-72.
Abstract: Анотація: Встановлена епізоотична ситуація щодо кишкової форми аляріозу серед лисиць на території Харківської області. Аннотация: Установлена эпизоотическая ситуация по аляриозу кишечного канала лис на территории Харьковской области. Summary: Epizootic situation of foxes’ alariosis within the territory of the Kharkov region has been established. Recently, the population of foxes in the Kharkov region significantly increased. Foxes are registered even in the territory of large cities. Today, foxes have settled even on the territory of the Kharkiv Forest Park, and there were registered 10 foxes’ families in this place. Such changes are probably due to the fact that foxes are the most adapted and better than other species of animals transformed into anthropogenic ecosystems, agrarian landscapes, areas near settlements, and even in megalopolis areas. Foxes can be reservoirs of the causative agent or sources of zooanthroponotic helminthoses, common among domestic carnivores (dogs and cats) and dangerous to humans. One of the widespreaded helminthic diseases of wild and domestic carnivores is trematodosis colled alariosis. Cases of this disease were established in humans. The aim of the study was to find out the epizootic situation of alariosis in foxes that live in the Kharkiv region. The spread of alariosis of digestive tract was established among populations of foxes in wildlife sanctuary called «Losovenkivskyy» and located in Dergachevskyy district of Kharkiv region. Materials for the study were feces of foxes. Samples of feces were carried out by random sampling on the movement way and place of stay of foxes. The material was examined coproscopically. The selected material was investigated in the laboratory of parasitology department of the KSZVA by the method of successive washing and by the method of Scherbovich. Main indicators in the study were indexes of infection of foxes with Alaria alata - extensiveness of infestation (EI -% of affected animals) and intensity of infestation (II - the number of helminthes’ eggs in the field of view of the microscope). Morphology of helminthes eggs and adult parasites were studied by microscopy on a small magnification of microscope (× 80) and on an average magnification of microscope (× 400). Posthumously, a partial helminthic section was performed on K. I. Scriabin. In total, 86 samples of foxes’ feces were selected and investigated. By the results of coproskopic studies it was found that 95.3 % of foxes in wildlife sanctuary «Losovenkivskyy» were infected with parasites of digestive tract colled Alaria alata. The low intensity of the invasion (1, 2 eggs in the field of view of the microscope) was set in 49 samples (59.7%) from the number of positive ones. The average intensity of the invasion (3-5 eggs in the field of view of the microscope) was set in 28 samples (34.1%). High intensity of invasion (more than 6 eggs in the field of view of the microscope) was set in 5 samples (6.09 %). As a result of parasitological section, in the intestine of foxes, from 4 to 20 trematodes of A. alata were found. Given the significant spread of alariosis in the test area, there is a need to find out the paths of damage and the factors of transmission of the invasions. It is necessary to investigate possible intermediate hosts of A. alata for the presence of larval forms of the parasite.
Appears in Collections:Фахові видання України

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